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OpenAI

Tracing

It’s important to store traces of LLM applications in a central database, both during development and in production. You’ll use these traces for debugging and to help build a dataset of tricky examples to evaluate against while improving your application.

Weave can automatically capture traces for the openai python library.

Start capturing by calling weave.init(<project-name>) with a project name your choice.

from openai import OpenAI
import weave
client = OpenAI()
weave.init('emoji-bot')

response = client.chat.completions.create(
model="gpt-4",
messages=[
{
"role": "system",
"content": "You are AGI. You will be provided with a message, and your task is to respond using emojis only."
},
{
"role": "user",
"content": "How are you?"
}
],
temperature=0.8,
max_tokens=64,
top_p=1
)

openai.png

Track your own ops

Wrapping a function with @weave.op starts capturing inputs, outputs and app logic so you can debug how data flows through your app. You can deeply nest ops and build a tree of functions that you want to track. This also starts automatically versioning code as you experiment to capture ad-hoc details that haven't been committed to git.

Simply create a function decorated with @weave.op that calls into openai python library.

In the example below, we have 2 functions wrapped with op. This helps us see how intermediate steps, like the retrieval step in a RAG app, are affecting how our app behaves.

import weave
from openai import OpenAI
import requests, random
PROMPT="""Emulate the Pokedex from early Pokémon episodes. State the name of the Pokemon and then describe it.
Your tone is informative yet sassy, blending factual details with a touch of dry humor. Be concise, no more than 3 sentences. """
POKEMON = ['pikachu', 'charmander', 'squirtle', 'bulbasaur', 'jigglypuff', 'meowth', 'eevee']
client = OpenAI()

@weave.op
def get_pokemon_data(pokemon_name):
# This is a step within your application, like the retrieval step within a RAG app
url = f"https://pokeapi.co/api/v2/pokemon/{pokemon_name}"
response = requests.get(url)
if response.status_code == 200:
data = response.json()
name = data["name"]
types = [t["type"]["name"] for t in data["types"]]
species_url = data["species"]["url"]
species_response = requests.get(species_url)
evolved_from = "Unknown"
if species_response.status_code == 200:
species_data = species_response.json()
if species_data["evolves_from_species"]:
evolved_from = species_data["evolves_from_species"]["name"]
return {"name": name, "types": types, "evolved_from": evolved_from}
else:
return None

@weave.op
def pokedex(name: str, prompt: str) -> str:
# This is your root op that calls out to other ops
data = get_pokemon_data(name)
if not data: return "Error: Unable to fetch data"
response = client.chat.completions.create(
model="gpt-3.5-turbo",
messages=[
{"role": "system","content": prompt},
{"role": "user", "content": str(data)}
],
temperature=0.7,
max_tokens=100,
top_p=1
)
return response.choices[0].message.content

weave.init('pokedex-openai')
# Get data for a specific Pokémon
pokemon_data = pokedex(random.choice(POKEMON), PROMPT)

Navigate to Weave and you can click get_pokemon_data in the UI to see the inputs & outputs of that step.

openai-pokedex.png

Create a Model for easier experimentation

Organizing experimentation is difficult when there are many moving pieces. By using the Model class, you can capture and organize the experimental details of your app like your system prompt or the model you're using. This helps organize and compare different iterations of your app.

In addition to versioning code and capturing inputs/outputs, Models capture structured parameters that control your application’s behavior, making it easy to find what parameters worked best. You can also use Weave Models with serve, and Evaluations.

In the example below, you can experiment with model and system_message. Every time you change one of these, you'll get a new version of GrammarCorrectorModel.

import weave
from openai import OpenAI

weave.init('grammar-openai')

class GrammarCorrectorModel(weave.Model): # Change to `weave.Model`
model: str
system_message: str

@weave.op()
def predict(self, user_input): # Change to `predict`
client = OpenAI()
response = client.chat.completions.create(
model=self.model,
messages=[
{
"role": "system",
"content": self.system_message
},
{
"role": "user",
"content": user_input
}
],
temperature=0,
)
return response.choices[0].message.content


corrector = GrammarCorrectorModel(
model="gpt-3.5-turbo-1106",
system_message = "You are a grammar checker, correct the following user input.")
result = corrector.predict("That was so easy, it was a piece of pie!")
print(result)

openai-model.png